Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last teeth to develop. They are located in the very back of your mouth, behind your second molars. Their development is complete between the ages of 15 and 20 years.

The Problem with Wisdom Teeth

In many people, the wisdom teeth arise without any problem, in some cases there is less space for their growth, in which case they are called impacted wisdom teeth. These impacted teeth can cause problems like:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Damage or Infection in the Neighboring Teeth
  • Swollen Gum
  • Stiff and Sore Jaw
  • Bad taste and Bad Breath

Who Needs to Remove Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Anyone who is having the problems listed below should think of removing their impacted teeth, especially those who suffer:

  • Tooth Decay in 3 rd molars
  • Gum Disease around the Impacted Teeth
  • Jaw pain and dislocation
  • Cavity in the adjacent molars
  • Prior to orthodontic tooth correction

Treatments other than Removal

In some people using prescribed antibiotics brings about temporary relief from symptoms of pain. In certain cases, cutting back the gum instead of impacted teeth removal works. In majority of cases, however, impacted wisdom teeth must be removed by small surgical procedure.

Procedure for Removal

Most of the patients are operated upon under local anesthesia, i.e. numbing the area around the impacted tooth/teeth. General anesthesia is given in some cases, in hospitals mostly. After the anesthesia casts its effect, a few simple steps are followed to remove the impacted wisdom teeth:

  • Making a small cut in the gum over the impacted tooth
  • Removing some bone to make space for lifting the tooth
  • Removing the tooth out
  • Putting in stitches to aid healing of the gum

After the tooth removal

The patient is allowed to go home soon as the anesthesia effect is over. If the patient experiences any of the following effects, he/she should contact the dentist or a hospital because these indicate infection or some other complication.

  • Bleeding does not stop on applying pressure
  • Bleeding continues for above half an hour
  • Difficulty in breathing or swallowing
  • Continued swelling of the face after the operation for above 3 days
  • High body temperature or fever
  • Failure of painkillers in relieving severe pain